Myalgic Encephalitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

It is a multi-system disorder that affects about 1.3 million Americans. It is associated with severe body fatigue. The pathogenesis is not clearly understood, but it affects many systems and has many manifestations. It usually presents as widespread inflammation in the body of persons who were otherwise initially healthy.

There are 4 systems mostly affected by the widespread inflammation;

  • Brain

  • Gut

  • Cardiovascular system

  • Immune System

 

Predisposing Factors

  • Genetic predisposition

  • A triggering infection particularly viruses, e.g. Coxsackie virus, Herpes Simplex Virus, Epstein Barr Viruses

  • Exposure to toxins

 

Symptoms

  1. Extreme Fatigue that hinders normal daily activities

  2. Post exertion malaise after a small amount of physical exercise (usually 24-48 hours post-activity)

  3. Brain Fog

  4. Sleep disturbances and unrefreshing sleep

  5. Temperature dysregulation

  6. Symptoms of POTS (postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome)

    • Postural hypotension,

    • dizziness,

    • palpitations,

    • loss of consciousness/syncope

  7. Food, chemical, and noise sensitivities

  8. Frequent infections, low grade fever, lymph node enlargement 

 

Investigations

There is no definitive diagnosis, but the following tests can help make a diagnosis;

  • Cardiopulmonary exercise test

  • Autonomic function testing

  • Laboratory blood tests

 

Treatment

The treatment of ME/CFS is mostly supportive. The following are practices that help improve their standard of living.

  • Pacing (of daily activities to meet their energy levels)

  • Avoiding common triggers

  • Maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance

  • Maintaining good sleep hygiene

  • Medications

 

It is essential to differentiate this from Chronic fatigue. A high index of suspicion is required to identify the symptoms, and supportive treatment must be offered to affected persons as they tend to deteriorate swiftly if unattended to.

Important Notice:

This website and its contents are for the purposes of general information and education only and are not to be used for diagnosis or treatment without the supervision of a healthcare provider.

Email info@nutrigenmedicine.com for general information

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